Hydrogen Focus Area
We are in the midst of a global energy transformation driven by climate concerns, disruptive advances in renewable energy, the enabling power of data and the digital revolution, and the merging of traditional industrial sectors. Future energy systems will have many requirements: Low carbon, resilient and reliable, globally transportable, affordable, safe, and suitable for stationary and mobile applications from light duty to heavy duty. Hydrogen and electricity, renewably generated, as well as fossil fuels with CO2 capture are attractive contenders. CO2 capture for mobile applications is difficult, leaving hydrogen and electricity as the current main contenders for sustainable transportation fuels. Hydrogen is also being considered for long duration energy storage and as an energy carrier for regions of the world with an abundance of renewably generated electricity Against this backdrop, Stanford is conducting research on hydrogen as a future fuel to understand its ability to meet current and future energy requirements, identify its gaps, and compare its supply and value chain with other fuels. Active research areas include Hydrogen generation, storage, transportation, distribution and utilization applications. Learn more
The Benson Lab is a research group in the department of Energy Resources Engineering. We investigate fundamental characteristics of carbon dioxide storage in geologic formations as well as low-carbon energy system modeling and optimization as means of climate change mitigation.
The Cargnello group focuses on the preparation and use of uniform and tailored materials for heterogeneous catalysis and photocatalysis and the technological exploitation of nanoparticles and nanocrystals. Reactions of interest are related to sustainable energy generation and use, control of emissions of greenhouse gases, and better utilization of abundant building blocks (methane, biomass).
Recent years have seen an unprecedented motivation for the emergence of new energy technologies. Global dependence on fossil fuels, however, will persist until alternate technologies can compete economically. We must develop means to produce energy (or energy carriers) from renewable sources and then convert them to work as efficiently and cleanly as possible. Catalysis is energy conversion, and the Jaramillo laboratory focuses on fundamental catalytic processes occurring on solid-state surfaces in both the production and consumption of energy. Chemical-to-electrical and electrical-to-chemical energy conversion are at the core of the research. Nanoparticles, metals, alloys, sulfides, nitrides, carbides, phosphides, oxides, and biomimetic organo-metallic complexes comprise the toolkit of materials that can help change the energy landscape. Tailoring catalyst surfaces to fit the chemistry is our primary challenge.
The Majumdar Group researches the science and engineering of nanoscale materials and devices, especially in the areas of energy conversion, transport and storage as well as biomolecular analysis. Current research focuses on electrochemical and thermochemical redox reactions that are fundamental to a sustainable energy future, multidimensional nanoscale imaging and microscopy, and a new effort to re-engineer the electricity grid using data science, including deep learning techniques.
The group is interested in the design, synthesis, and manipulation of novel organic and polymeric materials. They use a combination of organic and polymer chemistry, catalysis, and advanced characterizations to create, control, and investigate unusual (macro) molecular structures and organic materials with tailored conformations nanostructures, properties, and functions, which advance our fundamental understanding of emerging topics in chemistry and polymer science as well as target important technological applications.